History of breed

British Shorthair is the most ancient breed of domestic cats Britain. That the British were at trade shows like the very first pedigreed cats in England.
There are several theories about the origin of the breed:

Cats got to Britain from Rome to the Roman legionaries. We know from sources that have survived that Dr.Rime cats have accompanied the man. The first symbolic appearance of a cat in Europe, refers specifically to Dr.Rimu: the constant companion of the Goddess of Liberty — Libertas — was just a cat! Also in the stories mentioned Dr.Rima huge gray cats with sharp claws and big round eyes like copper bowls. The Roman Caesars did not like cats, once a symbol of love for freedom they did not need!

But the cats were needed to protect the crop bases and fields of rodents. Attitude toward cats was a consumer, they were a necessary part of farming, but not pets, what are now. Cats have lived without human control — in the fields, warehouses and other places. From generation to generation were formed and genetic features of breed unique to them. Physiological structure of the different type of heavy, massive body, a calm temperament. Due to their peculiarities British Steel to settle these cats in their homes, and since work began on the formation of breeds: British Shorthair.

2-I version is associated with frequent visits to the island by French sailors. As you know, one problem of navigation was to preserve the provisions, which stocked up during the voyage of ships. Was extremely difficult to preserve food from the ubiquitous and penetrating the vessel rodents. In the end, the sailors found a solution to their problems, protection — cats that lived in the holds of ships and copes with her role. Attribute it to that time in these animals, and formed short and strong legs, because cats had to live in pitching. Big blue cats lived at the monastery Warthritis, known more famous liqueur Chartreuse, where cats are protected from rats wine cellars and have a well-deserved reputation as a great rat-catcher.

Powerful blue cats settled in England, where he won the hearts of the inhabitants of the island. These cats are cunning and wise, with an impressive size, with an extraordinary charm, won a symbol of British bohemia of the nineteenth century. Their image immortalized in poetry, prose, painting. In our time we know the Cheshire cat from the book and the cartoon «Alice in Wonderland,» «Garfield» cartoon cats of the «Shrek», «The Adventures Parrot Kesha», «Puss in Boots +.
Over the centuries, the British Isles was formed type cat with bright round eyes and round face, with a short plush coat (by this they are called teddy bears «teddy bears»), characterized by good health, aristocratic character, endurance, sociability and wonderful hunting qualities. Subsequently, these cats were taken as the basis of breed.

The British decided to withdraw breed of cats that would be a purely English, and came to the matter seriously. In 1889 the breed was officially recognized. British breeders selected the most beautiful cats and through targeted mating dock them the best quality. In 1880 the British cats by Harrison Weir received its first official name — the «short-haired breed, and his creation of the British Shorthair as a breed, owes him, the father of the movement of cat lovers and the creator of the first feline exhibition. He was an ardent admirer of native cats: «Typical of a domestic cat, able to survive in the toughest circumstances. The fact that it exists, is proof of strength and endurance of her nature. » And indeed, the modern British Shorthair different strength, good health and unpretentious.

In 1901, Sir Claud and Lady Alexander founded the first club in which the British bred cats. In the nineteenth century the breeding of cats remained exceptionally rich in passion andnoble people, the founders of this club took a step toward the availability of such sophisticated for that time hobby. They have significantly reduced the initial entry fee and attracted new members from the poor. 

In 1870, Harrison Ware offered to arrange the exhibition of cats of different breeds, colors, drawings, etc., so that owners can compare their animals and allow visitors to admire. And in 1871 at the Crystal Palace was held the first exhibition of cats. Best on the show was recognized 14-year-old British Shorthair color blue tabby. And the first pedigree was discharged in 1898. Then, confessed to just one color — blue. In our modern world we can admire the already wide variety of color from the British. The exhibitions were held annually until 1936, while Crystal Palace, built in 1851 on the project by Joseph Paxton (gardener, not an architect!) Is not burned in a fire.


The First World War and then the Great Depression in 1929-1933. During these years, has suffered genetic basis of breed, many manufacturers have been killed. Quality manufacturers have very little, and then only because in 1930 the year of this breed became interested in Mrs. Keith Wilson. Her work and the assistance of experienced breeders have helped to keep the breed!

With the end of World War II, interest in feline returned, breeders have continued to work with the breed. Hooking domestic cats with the desired features to their programs, trying to restore the breed. Although much has been lost. For fast recovery type some breeders included in the program the Persians, but the resulting progeny was not registered as a British Shorthair. For registration required at least 3 generations, the British pedigree. Because of the complexities of the number of species continued to decline, but the Persians Britons have the power of the body, and an extensive palette of colors.

The second failure was on ways to improve genetics: the breeders were connecting to the breeding of domestic shorthair cats and otherbreeds, such as the Russian Blue, Chartreuse. It improves health, but caused a deviation from the breed standard. Had to go back again to work with the descendants of Britons crossing the Persians. Work progressed slowly and is harder than you might expect, and breeders had to connect the Persian cats, caring for the avoidance of such features Persians, as long hair and upturned, trying to weight the silhouette and increase range of colors. Breeders have tried to achieve the goal, when the British could reproduce itself without the involvement of other breeds.

Since 1950, the American Association recognized by the British blue independent breed. In 1967, Mrs. Levy (New York) took out 2 blue British breeder, John Richards, kennel «Pensylva». These cats, Pensylva Damcus and Pensylva Blusette, were displayed at exhibitions CFF and ACA.
ACA was the first American association, which gave the British Blue title.

In 1980, after a hundred years after the first exhibition, CFA has approved for the British Shorthair the status of title. Among the first Britons who have won in exhibitions CFA, were represented by such nurseries as: BeMy, Denimar, Jedi, Beaufort, Anesa and Supakatz. These cats have formed the basis of modern representatives of the breed in America. BeMy and Denimar work now and produce high-quality British.

A little later from the British Shorthair breed separate the breed Scottish Fold, which is distinguished by its drooping ears.

British Shorthair always been strength and health. A large amount of genetic material used in the formation of this breed, and the careful selection work helped secure this feature. For example, when in 1970 in one of the litters was found hemophilia, was immediately made an inspection of all pedigree lines likely carriers of the disease, and they were excluded from further breeding programs. It turned out that the British lines contain two blood types A and B. Given this, breeders mayAvoid problems with blood diseases, which has now become a common practice of breeding.

British cats are bred in different colors, but the most popular, perhaps, the classic blue color. It is this color gave the British Shorthair similarity with chartreuse. This similarity has led to a strengthening of interbreeding between two rocks, and everything is so mixed up that the International Federation of the European fans of cats (FIFe) came to the conclusion that we are talking about the same breed. But then thought better of it and in 1977, reconsidered its decision, moreover, has banned these breeds interbreed with each other.
In France, the breed was «illegal alien» in 1979. In Russia, the British came in 1990 from Germany. Cats named Colin and Berenice. At the same time brought the cream and cat Casimir.

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