History of breed
British Shorthair is the most ancient breed of domestic cats Britain. That the British were at trade shows like the very first pedigreed cats in England.
There are several theories about the origin of the breed:
Cats got to Britain from Rome to the Roman legionaries. We know from sources that have survived that Dr.Rime cats have accompanied the man. The first symbolic appearance of a cat in Europe, refers specifically to Dr.Rimu: the constant companion of the Goddess of Liberty — Libertas — was just a cat! Also in the stories mentioned Dr.Rima huge gray cats with sharp claws and big round eyes like copper bowls. The Roman Caesars did not like cats, once a symbol of love for freedom they did not need!
But the cats were needed to protect the crop bases and fields of rodents. Attitude toward cats was a consumer, they were a necessary part of farming, but not pets, what are now. Cats have lived without human control — in the fields, warehouses and other places. From generation to generation were formed and genetic features of breed unique to them. Physiological structure of the different type of heavy, massive body, a calm temperament. Due to their peculiarities British Steel to settle these cats in their homes, and since work began on the formation of breeds: British Shorthair.
2-I version is associated with frequent visits to the island by French sailors. As you know, one problem of navigation was to preserve the provisions, which stocked up during the voyage of ships. Was extremely difficult to preserve food from the ubiquitous and penetrating the vessel rodents. In the end, the sailors found a solution to their problems, protection — cats that lived in the holds of ships and copes with her role. Attribute it to that time in these animals, and formed short and strong legs, because cats had to live in pitching. Big blue cats lived at the monastery Warthritis, known more famous liqueur Chartreuse, where cats are protected from rats wine cellars and have a well-deserved reputation as a great rat-catcher.
Powerful blue cats settled in England, where he won the hearts of the inhabitants of the island. These cats are cunning and wise, with an impressive size, with an extraordinary charm, won a symbol of British bohemia of the nineteenth century. Their image immortalized in poetry, prose, painting. In our time we know the Cheshire cat from the book and the cartoon «Alice in Wonderland,» «Garfield» cartoon cats of the «Shrek», «The Adventures Parrot Kesha», «Puss in Boots +.
Over the centuries, the British Isles was formed type cat with bright round eyes and round face, with a short plush coat (by this they are called teddy bears «teddy bears»), characterized by good health, aristocratic character, endurance, sociability and wonderful hunting qualities. Subsequently, these cats were taken as the basis of breed.
The British decided to withdraw breed of cats that would be a purely English, and came to the matter seriously. In 1889 the breed was officially recognized. British breeders selected the most beautiful cats and through targeted mating dock them the best quality. In 1880 the British cats by Harrison Weir received its first official name — the «short-haired breed, and his creation of the British Shorthair as a breed, owes him, the father of the movement of cat lovers and the creator of the first feline exhibition. He was an ardent admirer of native cats: «Typical of a domestic cat, able to survive in the toughest circumstances. The fact that it exists, is proof of strength and endurance of her nature. » And indeed, the modern British Shorthair different strength, good health and unpretentious.
In 1901, Sir Claud and Lady Alexander founded the first club in which the British bred cats. In the nineteenth century the breeding of cats remained exceptionally rich in passion andnoble people, the founders of this club took a step toward the availability of such sophisticated for that time hobby. They have significantly reduced the initial entry fee and attracted new members from the poor.
In 1870, Harrison Ware offered to arrange the exhibition of cats of different breeds, colors, drawings, etc., so that owners can compare their animals and allow visitors to admire. And in 1871 at the Crystal Palace was held the first exhibition of cats. Best on the show was recognized 14-year-old British Shorthair color blue tabby. And the first pedigree was discharged in 1898. Then, confessed to just one color — blue. In our modern world we can admire the already wide variety of color from the British. The exhibitions were held annually until 1936, while Crystal Palace, built in 1851 on the project by Joseph Paxton (gardener, not an architect!) Is not burned in a fire.